When researching how to build a home, you will find that it could be the most daunting task of your life. The process demands informed decision-making, skilled craftsmen and expertise in design and architecture. You must successfully navigate a maze of city codes, building permits and a sea of vendors and contractors. It's so challenging most people leave it to a professional.
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Step two: leave it all to us
How to Build a Home: Property Issues
You'll need funding waiting for the purchase of the parcel of land you've chosen build on. Make sure county or city water and sewage lines are available before you write that check. You must also hire a registered surveyor to confirm the boundaries of your property. A mistake of even a few inches may mean that anything that has been built will have to be torn down at your expense and rebuilt inside your property lines.
How to Build a Home: Get Ideas
Your design will come from a combination of your vision, budget and ideas from other homes. Using the internet to find examples is a way to begin. Home building sites will give you a general idea of floor plans including the number of rooms, where they should go and the type of building materials available. Among the many design choices:
- Ranch - One story, usually brick or wood with open spaces and an attached garage.
- Split Level - Most of the living space is on the second floor with only a few steps separating lower areas housing bedrooms and bathrooms.
- Colonial - Usually multi-story with the living area on the first floor and bedrooms on the higher floors.
- Cape Cod - One and a half stories with the primary living area on the first floor.
You Need Blueprints
Once you have decided on the style of the home there are websites that will help you create your own set of blueprints. A word of caution: architects and home designers spend years in school to learn about CAD designing, laying a foundation, framing, stress points, load carrying walls and specific placement of electrical, plumbing and duct work.
How to Build a Home: Permits and Fees
A big headache will come when you apply and pay for all of the required building permits. Each will come with a mandatory inspection by a county building inspector before moving to the next stage of construction. It's at this point hiring an experienced contractor will begin sounding more and more like a great idea.
Before the foundation is poured, utility lines including water, sewer and electric or gas must be run. If the plans for your home call for a basement, the foundation should be about eight feet deep.
Framing Your Home
Exterior framing, installation of the roof, windows and doors will give the structure shape. Interior framing will separate the house into rooms and allow installation of the HVAC system. Electrical circuitry will require another inspection.
Drywall and Exterior Covering
Interior drywall will be hung, the seams taped, spackled and made ready for paint. Outdoors your home will receive siding, brickwork or stucco to give it the aesthetic appearance you've chosen.
Finishing the Inside
Cabinetry, interior doors, molding, paint, countertops, water fixtures, lighting and other permanent electrical fixtures are next. Then flooring, appliances, and finish carpentry must be completed. You'll need one more inspection to approve the quality and safety of your structure and provide a certificate of occupancy.
The final step is landscaping your yard. Your home is finally ready for your family.
The majority of people who research how to build a home ultimately decide to leave the work to an experienced and qualified contractor.
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How to build a home well? Take advantage of our experience. Call us in Mobile, Pensacola and Ft. Walton Beach.